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Our Services / Periodontal Disease

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Periodontal Disease Q&A

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 50% of Americans over the age of 30 have some form of periodontal disease (gum disease). Treating these conditions is critical to your oral health and is possible through the care of Chandan Walia, DDS, and the team at Implants and Periodontal Arts - Endo Arts in Chandler, Arizona. If you suspect you have issues with your gum health, book an appointment online or over the phone today.

Deep Cleaning vs. Regular Cleaning

When the bone tissue and gums surrounding your teeth are healthy, regular teeth cleanings (twice per year) are usually sufficient to help you maintain your oral health. But if plaque, tartar, and bacteria have built up beneath the gumline, it could mean that periodontal disease is impacting your gums and jawbone, which can be harmful to your oral and general health. You may need a deep cleaning to remove this buildup and prevent the condition from advancing.

A deep cleaning is the general term for a periodontal treatment known as scaling and root planing (SRP). While a general cleaning (prophylaxis) is performed as preventative maintenance to help patients support a proper oral health routine, scaling and root planing therapy would likely be necessary to treat periodontal disease and halt the disease process.

Why are gums so important in oral health?

Your gums play an essential role in your oral health. While many people believe that the primary purpose of gums is to help hold your teeth in place, the actual purpose is to create a tight seal between your mouth and your bloodstream. 

Your gums are living tissues that adhere to the surfaces of your teeth. The close connection prevents food, saliva, and bacteria within your mouth from entering your bloodstream. 

No matter how well you care for your teeth and gums, your mouth is filled with thousands of types of bacteria, some of which are potentially harmful. If the bacteria enters your bloodstream, it can cause widespread health issues throughout your body. 

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is the result of inflammation and infection of your gum tissue. 

The early stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis and is characterized by red and swollen gums. Your gum tissue should appear firm and pink, and you should not feel pain while brushing or flossing. 

Some signs that you might have gingivitis include:

  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Gums that are darker in color than normal
  • Bulging gum tissue in the areas between teeth
  • Frequent bleeding when you brush or floss

It’s important to see a periodontal specialist if you notice these signs of gum disease. When caught early, gingivitis can be reversed by embracing better oral hygiene routines. 

When gingivitis is untreated, full periodontal disease can result. Some signs of the serious condition include:

  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when biting down
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Areas where gums have pulled away from the surface of your teeth
  • Changes in the way full or partial dentures fit
  • Severe gum pain  

Don’t ignore these signs of periodontal disease. If the condition advances, tooth loss and serious health issues can result. 

What can I do to prevent gum disease?

The best way to prevent gum disease is to take excellent care of your teeth and gums. Be sure to use a soft-bristle toothbrush and brush gently twice a day. Daily flossing is also important. Remember, it’s never too late to begin a flossing habit. 

Scheduling regular dental exams is also essential for your gum health. Your dentist can detect the early stages of gum disease and instruct you on ways to improve your gum health. This is truly an area where prevention is better than treatment. 

Are there treatments that can help with periodontal disease?

For advanced periodontal disease, addressing tissue inflammation and infection is the first priority. You may need to take a course of antibiotics during treatment to reduce the risk of serious infection. 

A treatment called scaling and planing is one approach to improving periodontal disease. The technique involves removing plaque and tartar from the area beneath your gums. The surface of your tooth roots is altered to make it harder for bacteria to take hold in those areas. 

Gingivectomy is another option. The procedure works by surgically trimming away a portion of inflamed gum tissue. Gum grafting might be necessary if you’ve lost a significant volume of gum tissue. Your treatment plan might also include medications or tissue-stimulating proteins to help promote new tissue growth. 

Learn more about treatment for periodontal disease during a personalized consultation. Booking takes just moments online or over the phone.